Perfil y endofenotipos neuropsicológicos en TDAH: Una revisión

Palabras clave

Funciones ejecutivas
Aversión a la demora de recompensa

Cómo citar

Rubio, B., Castrillo, J., Herreros, O., Gastaminza, X., & Hernández, S. (2016). Perfil y endofenotipos neuropsicológicos en TDAH: Una revisión. Revista De Psiquiatría Infanto-Juvenil, 33(1), 7-20.


Existe un acuerdo científico generalizado acerca de que un porcentaje elevado de las personas que presentan Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad (TDAH) tienen también importantes dificultades en su rendimiento psicológico. Esta afirmación cuenta con evidencias cognitivo-conductuales y neurofuncionales. Así, están ampliamente constatados los problemas en el funcionamiento ejecutivo en los pacientes con TDAH, encontrándose, en especial, tamaños de efecto robustos para la memoria de trabajo y la inhibición. En este trabajo se presenta una revisión del perfil neuropsicológico más frecuentemente encontrado en TDAH, y se discuten los distintos modelos explicativos y dificultades en el endofenotipado neuropsicológico.


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