Maltrato infantil y trastorno mental
Revista de Psiquiatría Infanto-Juvenil vol 38 núm 4 2021
PDF
XML

Palabras clave

Maltrato infantil
trastorno mental
evento traumático
salud mental

Cómo citar

Fañanás Saura, L. (2021). Maltrato infantil y trastorno mental. Revista De Psiquiatría Infanto-Juvenil, 38(4), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.31766/revpsij.v38n4a1

Resumen

La infancia constituye el periodo más prolongado y sensible en la vida de los seres humanos. En los principios de nuestra especie, la supervivencia de los recién nacidos y de los niños estuvo íntimamente ligada a las habilidades de sus progenitores y de su pequeño grupo social para garantizar su seguridad. Que los niños sobrevivieran y llegaran a la adolescencia para poder transmitir los genes de sus padres a una nueva generación, era una cuestión esencial para la continuidad de la especie. Resulta sencillo pensar, por tanto, hasta qué punto los vínculos afectivos y las habilidades para desarrollar estrategias de protección por parte de los adultos hacia sus niños fueron seleccionadas por la evolución como funciones mentales humanas esenciales y características de nuestra especie.

https://doi.org/10.31766/revpsij.v38n4a1
PDF
XML

Referencias

Tarullo AR, Gunnar MR. Child maltreatment and the developing HPA axis. Horm Behav. 2006;50(4): 632-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yhbeh.2006.06.010

Brown GW, Harris TO, Craig TKJ. Exploration of the influence of insecure attachment and parental maltreatment on the incidence and course of adult clinical depression. Psychol Med. 2019; 49(6): 102532. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291718001721

Cloitre M, Cohen LR, Koenen KC. Treating survivors of childhood abuse: Psychotherapy for the interrupted life. New York: Guilford Press; 2006. ISBN-13: 978-1593853129; ISBN-10:9781593853129.

Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Bremner JD, Walker JD, Whitfield C, Perry BD, Giles WH. The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood: A convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology. Eu Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2006; 256: 174-86. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-005-0624-4

Nemeroff CB. Paradise Lost: The Neurobiological and Clinical Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect. Neuron. 2016; 89(5): 892-909. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2016.01.019

Hughes K, Bellis MA, Hardcastle KA, Sethi D, Butchart A, Mikton C, Dunne MP. The effect of multiple adverse childhood experiences on health: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Public Health. 2017; 2(8): e356-e366. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(17)30118-4

Lippard ETC, Nemeroff CB. The devastating clinical consequences of child abuse and neglect: Increased disease vulnerability and poor treatment response in mood disorders. Am J Psychiatry 2020; 177(1): 20-36. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2019.19010020

Marques-Feixa L, Palma-Gudiel H, Romero S, Moya-Higueras J, Rapado-Castro M, Castro-Quintas Á, EPI-Young Stress GROUP, et al. Childhood maltreatment disrupts HPA-axis activity under basal and stress conditions in a dose–response relationship in children and adolescents. Psychol Med. 2021; 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1017/S003329172100249X

Villalta L, Smith P, Hickin N, Stringaris A. Emotion regulation difficulties in traumatized youth: a meta-analysis and conceptual review. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2018; 27: 527-44. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-018-1105-4

Villalta L, Khadr S, Chua KC, Kramer T, Clarke V, Viner RM, Stringaris A, Smith P. Complex post-traumatic stress symptoms in female adolescents: the role of emotion dysregulation in impairment and trauma exposure after an acute sexual assault. Eur J Psychotraumatol. 2020; 11(1): 1710400. https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2019.1710400

McLaughlin KA, Koenen KC, Hill ED, Petukhova M, Sampson NA, Zaslavsky AM, Kessler RC. Trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder in a national sample of adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2013; 52(8): 815-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2013.05.011

Vachon DD, Krueger RF, Rogosch FA, Cichetti D. Assessment of the Harmful Psychiatric and Behavioral Effects of Different Forms of Child Maltreatment. JAMA Psychiatry 2015; 72(11): 1135-42.

Marques-Feixa L, Moya-Higueras J, Romero S, Santamarina-Pérez P, Rapado-Castro M, Fañanás L, Epi-Young Stress Group. Risk of Suicidal Behavior in Children and Adolescents Exposed to Maltreatment: The Mediating Role of Borderline Personality Traits and Recent Stressful Life Events. J Clin Med. 2021; 10: 5293. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10225293

Teicher MH, Samson JA, Anderson CM, Ohashi K. The effects of childhood maltreatment on brain structure, function and connectivity. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2016; 17: 652-66. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn.2016.111

Hart H, Lim L, Mehta MA, Curtis C, Xu X, Breen G, Simmons A, Mirza K, Rubia K. Altered Functional Connectivity of Fronto-Cingulo-Striatal Circuits during Error Monitoring in Adolescents with a History of Childhood Abuse. Front Hum Neurosci. 2018; 12: 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00007

Gunnar MR, DePasquale CE, Reid BM, Donzella B, Miller BS. Pubertal stress recalibration reverses the effects of early life stress in postinstitutionalized children. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2019; 116(48): 23984-88. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1909699116

Yehuda R, Lehrner A. Intergenerational transmission of trauma effects: putative role of epigenetic mechanisms. World Psychiatry. 2017; 17(3): 243-57. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20568

Humphreys KL. Child maltreatment recurrence points to urgent need to improve systems for identification and prevention. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2020; 59(10): 1102-04. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2020.07.005.

Descargas

Los datos de descarga todavía no están disponibles.