Estilos de apego y perfil de dificultades en la regulación emocional en una muestra de adolescentes femeninas (16-19 años)
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Palabras clave

relaciones paterno-filiales
regulación emocional
adolescentes

Cómo citar

Alcindor-Huelva, P., Delgado Campos, A., Izquierdo Morejón, F. J., & Faya Barrios, M. (2022). Estilos de apego y perfil de dificultades en la regulación emocional en una muestra de adolescentes femeninas (16-19 años). Revista De Psiquiatría Infanto-Juvenil, 39(1), 10-24. https://doi.org/10.31766/revpsij.v39n1a3

Resumen

Introducción: El mundo emocional tiene un gran impacto en la vida de las personas. La regulación de las emociones influye significativamente en la calidad de vida y su falta es un factor de riesgo para la aparición de trastornos mentales (ansiedad, depresión, trastorno por estrés post-traumático, autolesiones…). Uno de los elementos que interviene en el desarrollo de la regulación emocional es el estilo de apego. Objetivos: El objetivo principal es estimar la puntuación total y las variables del cuestionario DERS para posteriormente comparar el perfil de las dificultades en la regulación emocional. Material y Métodos: Estudio observacional transversal. El tamaño muestral es 63 sujetos femeninas. Se administraron un cuestionario socio-demográfico, CaMir-R (evaluación del apego en adolescentes), DERS (Escala de Dificultades en la Regulación Emocional) en población adolescentes (16-19 años). Resultados: Hay una diferencia significativa en las dificultades en la regulación emocional en las pacientes según su estilo de apego, principalmente en la variable de Desatención, Descontrol emocional y puntuación total. Se encontró una correlación negativa moderada entre la puntuación de Seguridad del cuestionario Ca-Mir-R y la puntuación total del cuestionario de DERS. Sin embargo solo un 8% de la variabilidad de la puntuación total DERS es explicado por la Seguridad Ca-Mir-R. Conclusiones: Las adolescentes con un estilo de apego inseguro tienen más dificultades para reconocer e identificar sus emociones, y para controlar sus conductas cuando se encuentran bajo un estado emocional intenso. Se justificaría la realización de más estudios, con una especial atención a los distintos estilos de apego inseguros.

https://doi.org/10.31766/revpsij.v39n1a3
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Referencias

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