Aspectos psicológicos y trastornos psiquiátricos en el trasplante renal pediátrico
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Palabras clave

Trasplante renal
Psiquiatría Infantil
Adolescente
Psiquiatría
Psicopatología
Calidad de Vida

Cómo citar

Avella-García, C., Gastaminza, X., Vacas, R., & Herreros, O. (2015). Aspectos psicológicos y trastornos psiquiátricos en el trasplante renal pediátrico. Revista De Psiquiatría Infanto-Juvenil, 32(4), 183-192. Recuperado a partir de http://aepnya.eu/index.php/revistaaepnya/article/view/83

Resumen

Introducción: El trasplante renal está ampliamente aceptado como tratamiento de primera línea para el fallo renal terminal en pacientes pediátricos. El estado postrasplante implica cambios en la vida de estos jóvenes e influencia su estado psicológico, pudiendo hacerlos más vulnerables a presentar patologías psiquiátricas. Objetivo: Examinar la literatura disponible acerca del bienestar psicológico y la psicopatología en niños y adolescentes que han recibido un trasplante de riñón. Metodología: Revisión bibliográfica de la literatura mundial sobre el tema. Resultados: Se encuentran diferencias en la prevalencia de psicopatología y en el bienestar de estos pacientes comparados con grupos de control, observándose mayor sintomatología desadaptativa y problemas del desarrollo, y menor calidad de vida en los trasplantados. Conclusiones: Se debe profundizar el conocimiento científico acerca de las patologías psiquiátricas y la calidad de vida en este grupo. Son especialmente relevantes los estudios que evalúen lo que sucede en el primer año postrasplante y aquellos que planteen un seguimiento longitudinal.

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Referencias

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