Los niños con Trastorno del Espectro Autista tienen déficits en las Funciones Ejecutivas
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Palabras clave

Funciones ejecutivas
Atención
Velocidad de procesamiento
Trastorno del Espectro Autista
Evaluación neuropsicológica

Cómo citar

González Peña, P., Torralvo Suárez, I., Acosta Rodríguez, V., Ramírez Santana, G., & Hernández Expósito, S. (2016). Los niños con Trastorno del Espectro Autista tienen déficits en las Funciones Ejecutivas. Revista De Psiquiatría Infanto-Juvenil, 33(3), 385-396. https://doi.org/10.31766/revpsij.v33n3a3

Resumen

Existe un creciente acuerdo científico sobre el hecho de que en personas con Trastorno del Espectro Autista (TEA) se identifican alteraciones neurológicas de considerable magnitud que tienen una base genética que se expresa en el desarrollo neuronal. Como consecuencia de esto se han identificado déficits en funciones cognitivas complejas en esta población, si bien los resultados hasta el momento son inconsistentes. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo ha sido la caracterización neuropsicológica de una población con TEA. Para ello, a una muestra de 18 niños diagnosticados con TEA, le hemos administrado una batería neuropsicológica amplia destinada a la evaluación de la atención y de las funciones ejecutivas. Los resultados obtenidos por el grupo experimental fueron contrastados con los alcanzados por una muestra de 18 niños con desarrollo típico. En ellos se muestra como el grupo con TEA tiene un déficit generalizado en atención y funciones ejecutivas, excepto en fluidez verbal con claves semánticas, planificación y flexibilidad cognitiva. Se requiere más investigación para clarificar la naturaleza de estos hallazgos.

https://doi.org/10.31766/revpsij.v33n3a3
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