Habilidades parentales para padres con trastorno mental: una prevención necesaria
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Palabras clave

Padres
trastorno mental
sicopatología
prevención

Cómo citar

Romero Escobar, H., Martín Moreno, E., & Calvo Fernández, A. (2014). Habilidades parentales para padres con trastorno mental: una prevención necesaria. Revista De Psiquiatría Infanto-Juvenil, 31(1), 22-27. Recuperado a partir de http://aepnya.eu/index.php/revistaaepnya/article/view/193

Resumen

Pese a que las recomendaciones generales de salud indican la importancia de priorizar el desarrollo de programas de prevención, desde salud mental se tiende, a focalizar la atención en la parte más asistencial, de trinchera. En las unidades de salud mental infantil, al intervenir en la edad pediátrica, se podría considerar que ya se está realizando la tarea preventiva de esos futuros adultos.

La presencia de psicopatología en uno o ambos padres puede comprometer la salud mental de los hijos por la exposición a pautas desadaptativas de crianza y problemas en la vinculación afectiva.

En algunos países ya se está invirtiendo recursos en apoyar y mejorar las habilidades parentales de pacientes con Trastorno Mental de las Unidades de Salud Mental de Adultos como medida protectora y por tanto preventiva de estos menores en riesgo.

En este trabajo se revisa la relevancia de la crianza saludable y el establecimiento de una vinculación segura para el desarrollo de una correcta salud mental. Se describen iniciativas llevadas a cabo con el objetivo de prevenir alteraciones en los hijos de personas con Trastorno Mental.

Y tras este análisis, conscientes de la importancia preventiva de intervenir en este ámbito, desde nuestra Unidad de Salud Mental Infantil, proponemos realizar de forma grupal un trabajo de fortalecimiento de lazos vinculares y pautas de crianza en padres usuarios de los servicios de salud mental y los dispositivos de las Unidades de Conductas Adictivas.

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Referencias

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